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Thursday, June 17, 2010

Good Deed: #69 Perform Hajj- Journey of a Lifetime

1. 2:128 Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage -- Hajj and Umrah etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.

2. 2:158 Verily! As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or Umrah (pilgrimage) at the House (the Kabah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower.
3. 2:197 (Y. Ali) For hajj are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the hajj. And whatever good ye do, (be sure) Allah knoweth it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o ye that are wise.
4. 3:97 And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Kabah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expenses (for ones conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves (i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allah), then Allah stands not in need of any of the Alameen (mankind and Jinns).
5. 5:95 O you who believe! Kill not game while you are in a state of Ihram for Hajj or Umrah (pilgrimage), and whosoever of you kills it intentionally, the penalty is an offering, brought to the Kabah, of an eatable animal (i.e. sheep, goat, cow, etc.) equivalent to the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or, for expiation, he should feed poor persons, or its equivalent in fasting, that he may taste the heaviness (punishment) of his deed. Allah has forgiven what is past, but whosoever commits it again, Allah will take retribution from him. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution.
6. 5:96 Lawful to you is (the pursuit of) water game and its use for food -- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel, but forbidden is (the pursuit of) land game as long as you are in a state of Ihram (for Hajj or Umrah). And fear Allah to Whom you shall be gathered back.
7. 5.97 Allah has made the Kabah, the Sacred House, an asylum of security and Hajj and Umrah (pilgrimage) for mankind, and also the Sacred Month and the animals of offerings and the garlanded (people or animals etc. marked with the garlands on their necks made from the outer part of the stem of the Makkah trees for their security), that you may know that Allah has knowledge of all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and that Allah is the All-Knower of each and everything.
8. 22:27 And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj).
9. Narrated by Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) was asked which deed was best, so he replied, “Belief in Allah and His Messenger.” He was asked what was the next in excellence, and he said, “Jihad for the sake of Allah.” He was asked about the next one and he (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, “An accepted Hajj” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
10. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) say, “Whoever does Hajj for the sake of Allah, shunning (during his Hajj) all sexual matters, and keeping away from sins, will come back (free from sins) as he was on the day his mother gave birth to him” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
11. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) also reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “(Performing an) `Umrah after another is an expiation for the sins committed between them, and the accepted Hajj has no less a reward than Paradise” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
12. A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “O Messenger of Allah, can we not go out on campaigns and fight in jihad with you?” He said, “Yours is the best and most beautiful of jihad, an accepted Hajj.” `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “I never stopped going for Hajj after I heard that from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him)” (Al-Bukhari).
13. Amr ibn Al-`Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Hajj wipes out whatever (sins) came before it” (Muslim).
14. Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood said: “The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h) said, ‘Keep on doing Hajj and Umrah, for they eliminate poverty and sin just as the bellows eliminate impurities from iron and gold and silver.’” (Tirmidhi: 810, Nasa’i: 2631)
15. Ibn Umar reported that the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: “The one who fights for the sake of Allah and the pilgrim who goes for Hajj or Umrah are all guests of Allah. He called them and they responded; they ask of Him and He will give them.” (Ibn Majah: 2893)

source of hadith

Action Plan

1. Choose what types of Hajj you are performing: ifrad, qiran or tamattu`.

1. Ifrad means entering into ihram from the miqat (the fixed place for ihram) with the intention of performing Hajj alone, declaring the intention to perform Hajj and chanting Labbayk: “Labbayka Allahumma Hajjan.” In this case a pilgrim remains in a state of ihram till the end of the Hajj rituals; then he takes off his ihram and may undertake all that he was forbidden to do during ihram.
2. Qiran means entering into ihram from the miqat with the intention of performing Hajj and `Umrah, declaring the intention to perform Hajj and chanting Labbayk: “Labbayka Allahumma Hajjan wa `Umrah.” Then he remains in a state of ihram till the end of the Hajj rituals. In this type of Hajj, a pilgrim has to stay in a state of ihram till he finishes the rituals of both Hajj and `Umrah. It is sufficient for a pilgrim in this case to perform Tawaf and Sa`y once each for both Hajj and `Umrah, exactly like the first type.
3. The third type of Hajj is tamattu`. Here one has the privilege of performing both Hajj and `Umrah separately in the months of Hajj. Hence, a pilgrim enters into ihram, declaring intention to perform `Umrah alone and chanting Labbayk: “Labbayka Allahumma `Umrah.” Then he takes off ihram and enjoys everything that was prohibited to him during ihram. On the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrim enters into ihram again with the intention to perform Hajj and performs Hajj. In this case, a pilgrim slaughters a sacrificial animal.

2. Intention and Ihram

In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, a pilgrim purifies himself once again by bathing as he did before ‘Umrah in the place in which he is staying, if convenient. He puts on his Ihram and says: “Here I am for Hajj. Here I am, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partners.”

How to wear Ihram for men (link to video from above)

How to wear ihram for women (link to video from above)

If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj, he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: “If I am prevented by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up.” If he has no such fear, he doesn’t make this condition.

3. Talbiya

There after, recite the Talbiyah. Listen to Talbiyah (link to video from above)

Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk. Labbaykalaa Sharee Ka LaKa Labbayk. Innal Hamda Wanneh mata Laka wal Mulk — Laa Shareekalak.

Translation: Here I am at your service O Allah. I am present, you have no partner. I am present. All praise and graciousness as well as the entire universe are yours. You have no partner.

1. The recitation of the talbiya admits one into the state of ihrâm which effects certain restrictions (e.g. wearing perfume, etc) - restrictions of ihram (link from above)
2. Recite the talbiya excessively and repeatedly.

4. Proceed to Mina

A pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha’ and Fajr, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each, without combining them.

5. Arafah

When the sun rises, he goes to Arafah and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He remains in Namira Mosque until sunset if possible. He remembers Allah and makes as many supplications as possible while facing the Qiblah.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed thus: “There is no Deity but Allah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are His and He is powerful over all things.

If he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah’s grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah.

He should then return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the supplication on the day of Arafat.

6. Muzdalifah

At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays Maghrib, Isha, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him to combine Maghrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it is not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He remains there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allah till just before sunrise.

If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is permissible for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd.

7. Pelting of Jamarat in Mina

Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from Muzdalifah to Mina. Upon reaching it he does the following:
1. He throws seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrat Al-Aqabah which is the closest monument to Mecca, saying “Allah is the Greatest” and throws each pebble.

8. Sacrifice

2. He slaughters the sacrificial animal, eats some of it, and gives some to the poor. Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamatti’ and Qarin.

9. Shaving

3. He shaves or clips his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.

These three should be done in the above order if convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another.

10. Come out of ihram

With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can wear other clothing and do everything that was unlawful before Ihram except engaging in marital relations.

11. Tawaf al Ifadah and Sai/saee

He goes to Mecca to perform Tawaf Al-lfadah also for Hajj. It is Sunnah to put perfume on before going to Mecca.

12. Saee

After tawaaf he perform Saee of Safa and Marwa.

With the completion of this Tawaf and Sa’i, a pilgrim is allowed to do everything that was unlawful before Ihram, including engaging in marital relations.

After performing Tawaf and Sa’i, he returns to Mina to spend the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.

13. Pelting of Jamarat in Mina 11th and 12th

He stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the eleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from Mecca, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrat Al-Aqabah. Each one should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir. He stops after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplications facing the Qiblah. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It is best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.

If he is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in the same manner as on the twelfth day.

14. Tawaf al Widaa

When he is ready to return to his country, he makes Tawaf Al-Wada’, which is seven circuits around the Ka’bah. Menstruating women and women experiencing postnatal discharge are not obligated to perform Tawaf Al-Wada’.

source: brief guide to Hajj

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